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  • Writer's pictureGilbert HT

2023 IGCSE Biology Biological Molecules Tuition - Unlocking the Complexity

Unlock the mysteries of the biological world and discover more about Biological Molecules with our IGCSE biology tuition course. Our home experienced tutors will provide an engaging learning experience and help you to understand the essential concepts of this unique field @ Empire Online Tuition.



#1 Explore the Basics of Atoms, Elements and Compounds.

Develop an introductory understanding of Biological Molecules by learning about the basic components that make them up. Discover how atoms, elements and compounds form organic molecules, including carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Understand the role of these molecules in living organisms, including their structure, function and importance in energy production.


#2 Learn About the Characteristics and Types of Macromolecules.

Explore the four classes of macromolecules – carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. Find out how they are essential in building organisms, as well as their chaarcteristics such as molecular formula, structure and functions. Learn about the different types of each macromolecule family, from monosaccharides to complex carbohydrates and from fatty acids to phospholipids. Also explore the biological importance of nucleic acids like DNA which affects the genetic code for an organism.


#3 Discover Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins and Nucleic Acids in Detail.

Through this tuition course, you'll gain a deep understanding of the different properties and functions of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. Learn about the various structures of each macromolecule family from simple structures such as monosaccharides through to complex polysaccharides, triglycederols and phospholipids! Also discover the importance of DNA in controlling the genetic code of an organism.


#4 Understand Digestion and Metabolic Reactions in Biological Molecules.

From understanding what digestion is to discovering metabolic reactions, this IGCSE Biology tuition course provides an in-depth look at the various ways biological molecules interact. Understand how the various components of these molecules are broken down with digestive enzymes and absorbed by cells. Measure the amount of energy produced in oxidative metabolism and learn how ATP is produced through glycolysis and Kreb's cycle! You'll also explore upregulation and homeostatic regulation, two important concepts in biology.


#5 Unveil Molecular Techniques for Tracking Biological Molecules.

Find out how to use molecular techniques such as wet lab or dry lab experiments to gain key insights into the behavior of biological molecules. Discover ways in which lab techniques can be used to measure a molecule's appropriate concentration or its rate of reaction depending on various factors such as temperature or pH. Learn how to identify different types of enzymes and determine their optimal conditions for optimal enzymatic activities. Finally, identify different forms of energy transfer and understand their role in the energy cycle!


#6 Understand the Chemistry of Biological Molecules.

Biological molecules are the unique chemicals that create the cells, tissues and organisms of life. Our IGCSE tuition classes will help you understand their structure, features and functions so that you can make sense of this complex topic. Get ready to learn all about carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids and proteins in order to gain an insight into this extraordinary field!


#7 Learn how to draw Structural Formulae.

During the IGCSE Biology tuition course, we will cover how to construct and interpret structural formulae of biological molecules. In particular, you will learn how to represent carbonyl and hydroxy functional groups with their double bonds, use Greek prefixes to indicate isomers and how to add two or more of these together. Our experienced tutors can help you draw structural formulae for carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids and proteins.


#8 Unlock the Complexity Behind the Major Organic Molecule Families.

Through IGCSE Biology tuition, you will unlock the complexity behind the major organic molecule families. We cover carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids and nucleic acids among others. You will learn how to draw a Lewis structure of each molecule type from its standard name and formula, as well as special nomenclature rules for amino acids. Moreover, you will delve into specific metabolic pathways for each class of macromolecules such as glycolysis, Krebs cycle and Calvin cycle.


#9 Appreciate the Link between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis in terms of Biological Molecules & Energetics.

Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are two processes that power living organisms. We will discuss their respective pathways, as well as their implications in the global carbon cycle. Moreover, we show how these processes are linked to each other through production and consumption of biological molecules like carbohydrates - with an emphasis on understanding energetics. You'll finally understand why plants use photosynthesis to convert energy from light into chemical form.


#10 Develop Practical Skills such as Chromatography for Identifying Compounds and Testing for Biological Molecules Qualitatively & Quantitatively.

Learn how to utilize chromatography and colorimetry so you can identify complex substances qualitatively and quantitatively. That way, you can analyze the type and amount of components of a particular solution. This requires knowledge about how to separate components of a mixture according to their chemical properties, as well as testing techniques that allow us to measure the amount of each component in a given sample.

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